Samuel Johnson considered it one of his favourite books, being "the only book that ever took him out of bed two hours sooner than he wished to rise".  The book has continued as a favourite among many twentieth and twenty-first-century authors, such as Anthony Burgess (who said "Most modern books weary me, but Burton never does"), William H. Gass (who wrote the introduction to the 2001 omnibus edition), and Llewelyn Powys (who dubbed it "the greatest work of prose of the greatest period of English prose-writing"). Apart from The Anatomy of Melancholy Burton's only other published work is Philosophaster , a satirical Latin comedy.
Like the telescope, the microscope was made famous by the achievements of one of its earliest users. When we consider the telescope in history, we think of Galileo Galilei (1564–1642) and his pioneering observations of the Moon and planets. Similarly, the English scientist Robert Hooke (1635–1703) was one of the first to realise the potential of the microscope. In his book Micrographia , published in 1665, Hooke astonished the public with a fantastical world, where everyday objects such as needles and hairs, ants and spiders, were transformed by magnification.