The thesis abstract or summary is what will be read first, to give an indication of the parameters of the study, its depth and breadth, its context and the scholarly contribution it makes. It may be the basis on which a prospective examiner agrees (or not!) to examine your thesis. It is important that it is written in a concise and focussed manner so that it identifies the salient features of the research, the problem or research question, the approach adopted, and its findings. In general the thesis abstract is about 300 words, and for Monash doctoral theses, no more than 500. (Check the norm in your discipline.)
Because writing a literature review is a task with specific standard requirements that are different from those of other academic writing assignments, students may benefit from referring to literature review how-to materials that describe the various components of reviews and how to execute them well. One may find a literature review how-to through consulting the instructor of the course, the help desk at the university library, or online academic resources. However, no matter which literature review how-to the student finds, it is likely to describe four review elements: introduction, summary of the work, analysis of the work, and conclusion. . .