Essays on egyptian gods

Osiris his wife, Isis is the most important figures of the Egyptian pantheon (the diversity of gods and deities Khoi - a religion). Osiris was the god of vegetation. According to legend he was born the first of five deities, he born Senior Choir, Seth, Isis and Neftida. Even in the womb of its mother Nut Osiris and Isis loved each other. When Osiris grew, he became a true rule their people cared about its culture. He has to wander, and in the absence of rule of his country's wife Isis. His brother Seth zavidoval Osiris, and he decided to kill his brother. He tricked lured Osiris in the chest and forgetting his gvodyami, threw him into the sea. After Seth scattered pieces of the body of Osiris throughout Egypt. Isis found all these pieces and buried. Soon, he bore a son of Osiris - Hora, who began the war against the murderers of his father Seth and won it. Osiris has become a symbol of the dying and resurrect Nature. Isis - the great goddess - a mother, a symbol of materistva, adultery. Seth - is the god of evil. When the fertile land from the Nile download a dry, sandy wind from the desert, it is believed that this zlobstvuet Seth.

Synopsis of Egyptian Mythology

Egyptian Mythology is the religion of ancient Egypt. The Egyptian faith was based on a collection of ancient myths, nature worship, and many deities. The most interesting and famous of these myths are a divine hierarchy that is developed and the creation of the earth is explained.

According to the Egyptian's idea of creation, only the ocean existed at first. Then Ra, which is the sun, came out of an egg or a flower, and it appeared on the surface of the water. Ra had four children, the gods Shu and Geb and the goddesses Tefnut and Nut. Shu and Tefnut became the atmosphere. They stood on Geb, who became the earth, and raised up Nut, who became the sky. Ra ruled over all. Geb and Nut later had two sons, Set and Osiris, and two daughters, Isis and Nephthys. Osiris succeeded Ra as king of the earth, helped by Isis, his sister-wife. Set, however, hated his brother and killed him. Isis then embalmed her husband's body with the help of the god Anubis, who became the god of embalming. The powerful charms of Isis resurrected Osiris, who became king of the netherworld, the land of the dead. Horus, who was the son of Osiris and Isis, later defeated Set in a great battle and became king of the earth.

From this myth of creation came the idea of the ennead, a group of nine divinities, and the triad, consisting of a divine father, mother, and son. Every local temple in Egypt had its own ennead and triad. The most important ennead, was that of Ra and his children and grandchildren. This group was worshiped at Heliopolis, which was the center of sun worship. Some of the local gods were taken over from foreign religions like the animal gods of prehistoric Africa. Other important divinities included the gods Amon, Thoth, Ptah, Khnemu, and Hapi, and the goddesses Hathor, Mut, Neit, and Sekhet. Their importance increased with the political power of the localities where they were worshiped. As the religion became more involved, true deities were sometimes confused with human beings who had been glorified after death. During the 5th Dynasty the pharaohs began to claim divine ancestry and from that time on were worshiped as sons of Ra. Minor gods were also given places in local divine hierarchies.

The Egyptian gods were represented with human...

Another interesting thing about Hathor is found in one particular Egyptian tale - when the hero of the story was born, the 'Seven Hathors', disguised as seven young women , appeared and announced his fate. They seemed to be linked with not only fortune telling, but to being questioners of the soul on its way to the Land of the West. These goddesses were worshipped in seven cities in Egypt: Waset (Thebes, Egypt), Iunu (On/Heliopolis, Egypt), Aphroditopolis, Sinai, Momemphis, Herakleopolis, and Keset. They may have been linked to the Pleiades in later times, but this is debated. Hathor herself was known as "Lady of Stars" and "Sovereign of Stars" and linked to Sirius (the goddess Sopdet ). The day that Sirius rose (originally on the first day of the first month, known as Thuthi by Greek times) was a festive occasion to the followers of Hathor - it was the day they celebrated her birth. By Greek times, she was the goddess of Hethara, the third month of the Egyptian calendar. Generally, Hathor was pictured as a woman with cow's horns with the sun between them (giving her the title of 'Golden One'), or as a beautiful woman with cow's ears, or a cow wearing the sun disk between her horns, or even as a lioness or a lion-headed woman showing her destructive side. It was only in later Egyptian history that she was shown as a woman with the head of a cow. Hathor often is seen carrying a sistrum, an ancient musical instrument played by the priestesses. The sistrum usually had the face of Hathor where the handle adjoins the rest of the instrument. This particular instrument was thought to have sexual overtones, relating to fertility. Hathor has a rather odd title, "Hand of God". This might be related to how the handle of the sistrum is held, just as the relationship of the loop ajoined to the handle (the naos) might be related to her title of "Lady of the Vulva"! Hathor was also known as the "Great Menat". The menat , a necklace with a special counterweight, is not actually jewelry - it is a musical instrument sacred to Hathor! The counter piece is similar to the fertility dolls found in ancient tombs, while the beaded necklace was believed to represent the womb. It was held in the hand and rattled to convey the blessing of the goddess. Hathor was also the "Lady of Greenstone and Malachite" and "Lady of Lapis-Lazuli", presiding over these materials as well as being a goddess of the fringes where they were mined. (Malachite is a banded light and dark green semi-precious stone that was ground up and mixed with eye make up. Lapis-lazuli adorned many pieces of ancient Egyptian jewelry. This fits in well with Hathor's role of a goddess of beauty.) She was a goddess of the west, and a goddess of Punt and Sinai and so was a goddess of far off places. This is perhaps why Hathor was also known as the "Lady to the Limit" - the Egyptians believed her to be a goddess who ruled over the known universe! She was said to be the mother of the pharaoh, and is often depicted in a nurturing role, suckling the pharaoh when he was a child. Other than the pharaoh - a living god - Hathor was believed to have a son with Horus-Behdety (a form of Horus the Elder) known as Ihy (Ahy, Horus-Sematawy, Harsomtus), a falcon-god and child-god of music and dancing who carried a sistrum. The three were worshipped at Iunet. My majesty precedes me as Ihy, the son of Hathor
I am the male of masculinity
I escaped from her blood, I am the master of the redness.

-- Clark, . 1960, Myth and Symbol in Ancient Egypt , p. 88

Essays on egyptian gods

essays on egyptian gods


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