Does the ICC procedure solve all the problems associated with protection of the victims? Of course, not. As recently as a couple of months ago, the former Yugoslavia Tribunal could not proceed with criminal charges against one of the KLA leaders, Ramush Haradinaj – the prosecution's chief witnesses were either murdered or refused to testify fearing for their lives. Numerous witnesses had to hide their identity, subpoenaed to testify or blatantly refused to testify even in court. Cases like this vividly show how important it is to protect the witnesses and victims of crimes. Likewise, it is equally important to protect the rights of the accused and the ICC's main challenge will be to ensure the right balance between the two conflicting policies. In addition, the ICC needs to address the rehabilitative function of victim protection measures and implement important policies to this effect.